Control and Decision
1001-0920
10.13195/j.kzyjc.2021.0744
article
基于WKLSC-LWKL相似性度量策略的转炉炼钢终点碳温软测量方法
Soft measurement method of endpoint carbon content and temperature of converter steelmaking based on WKLSC-LWKL similarity measurement strategy
转炉炼钢终点控制的关键是实现碳温准确预测.针对炉次样本间波动性较大,导致即时学习的样本相似性度量困难而造成预测精度不高的问题,本文提出一种基于改进谱聚类算法构建的相似性度量策略.首先,根据过程变量和关键变量间的耦合关系构造全局加权KL度量准则的谱聚类算法,获得类间方差较大、类内方差较小的聚类子集以消除炉次样本间的波动;其次,根据类簇间差异信息,融入局部加权KL度量准则计算待测样本隶属于各类的后验概率,从而构造出一种适合描述转炉炼钢过程复杂特性的相似性度量策略;最后,采用该度量策略度量出与待测炉次工况特性更加相似的样本子集,建立相关向量机回归模型进行终点碳温预测.实际转炉炼钢生产过程数据仿真结果表明,碳含量在±0.02%的预测误差范围内精度达到89%,温度在±10℃的误差范围内精度达到92%.
Accurate prediction of carbon content and temperature is the crucial to the endpoint control of converter steelmaking. For the sample fluctuation is large, it is difficult to measure the similarity of samples in Just-in time Learning, which leads to the problem of low prediction accuracy, this paper proposes a similarity measurement strategy based on an improved spectral clustering algorithm. Firstly, according to the coupling relationship between process variables and dominant variables, a spectral clustering algorithm with global Weighted KL measurement standards was constructed, thus, the clustering subsets with large between clusters variance and small intra-cluster variance were obtained to eliminate the fluctuation among the furnace samples. Secondly, according to the difference information between class clusters, the Local Weighted KL metric criterion was integrated to calculate the posterior probability of the predicted samples belonging to various clusters, then, a similarity measurement strategy suitable for describing the complex characteristics of converter steelmaking process is constructed. Finally, this measurement strategy is used to calculate a subset of samples that are more similar to the properties of the new furnace, and the RVM model is established to predict the end point carbon content, and temperature. The simulation results of actual converter steelmaking process show that prediction accuracy of carbon content within ±0.02 % error range reach 89%, temperature within ±10℃ error range reach 92%.
转炉炼钢；即时学习；加权KL度量准则；谱聚类；后验概率
converter steelmaking；JITL；Weighted KL measurement standards；Spectral Cluster；posteriori probability
杨路,刘辉,熊倩
Yang Lu,Liu Hui,Xiong Qian
昆明理工大学
Kunming University of Science and Technology
kzyjc/article/abstract/2021-0744