车辆与无人机组合配送研究综述
作者:
作者单位:

1.西北工业大学管理学院;2.长安大学运输工程学院;3.长安大学工程机械学院

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中图分类号:

U116.2

基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)


Review on vehicle-UAV combined delivery problem
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Affiliation:

School of Management, Northwestern Polytechnical University

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    摘要:

    随着无人机技术的成熟,无人机配送成为近几年工业界和学术界共同关注的热点。由于目前无人机仍存在续航不足、空中管制等限制,车辆与无人机组合配送具有较大的发展空间。研究了车辆与无人机组合配送问题的5种运行模式,包括车辆与无人机协同配送、车辆与无人机并行配送、车辆支持无人机配送、无人机支持车辆配送,以及混合模式配送。根据不同运行模式的特性和应用场景,从运载工具、道路网络、节点构成、弧段约束和优化目标等方面,分析了车辆与无人机组合配送问题的经典要素;并从速度比、无人机单程配送量和停靠策略等方面研究其拓展要素。介绍并对比了求解车辆与无人机组合配送问题的方法,梳理了常用的测试数据集。最后指出车辆与无人机组合配送问题未来可能的发展趋势。

    Abstract:

    With drone technology"s maturity, drone delivery has recently become a hot spot in both industry and academia. As UAVs still have some drawbacks, such as limited flight range and airspace control, vehicle-UAV combined delivery has great potential development. This work studies five operation modes of vehicle-UAV combined delivery problem, including vehicle-UAV collaborative delivery, vehicle-UAV parallel delivery, vehicle-supported delivery of UAVs, UAV-supported delivery of vehicles, and hybrid-mode delivery. According to different operation modes" characteristics and scenarios, this work analyzes classical elements in terms of the delivery vehicle, road network, node composition, arc segment constraints, and optimization objectives. We also study the expansion elements, including speed ratio, customer number for one-way drone delivery, and stopping strategy. Methods for solving the vehicle-UAV combined delivery problem are introduced and compared, and common instances for tests are listed. Finally, the work proposes the possible future trends of the vehicle-UAV combined delivery problem.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-20
  • 最后修改日期:2021-01-25
  • 录用日期:2021-02-10
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