装备制造企业如何选择柔性制造策略?——基于制造合格率视角
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电子科技大学 经济与管理学院

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F260

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国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目), 中国博士后科学基金, 教育部人文社科研究规划基金项目, 中国博士后科学基金特别资助项目,成都市哲学社会科学项目


How to Choose Flexible Manufacturing Strategy for Equipment Manufacturing Enterprises?——Based on the perspective of Manufacturing Qualification Rate
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School of Economics and Management, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China

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    摘要:

    柔性制造是装备制造企业应对制造稳定性干扰、提升竞争优势的重要手段。注意到现有文献较少关注制造稳定性与制造柔性量化这一不足,本文分别用制造合格率和制造冗余量来刻画制造稳定性和制造柔性,并在此基础上构建了一个关于装备制造企业制造合格率、制造柔性以及制造利润的统一分析框架,用以考察并揭示装备制造企业柔性制造策略对其应对制造稳定性的影响。研究结果表明:(1)柔性制造策略的开展,有助于装备制造企业提高应对环境变化的能力,保证产品质量与数量,进而促进制造利润增长。(2)当单位制造成本较小时,制造柔性水平与制造合格率呈倒U型变化趋势;而当单位制造成本较大时,制造柔性水平与制造合格率呈正相关关系。(3)单位质检成本的提高会迫使装备制造企业降低制造柔性水平,并影响企业应对制造稳定性的能力,最终导致制造利润受损。

    Abstract:

    Flexible manufacturing is an important method for equipment manufacturing enterprises to interfere with manufacturing stability and enhance competitive advantage. Noting that the existing literature pays less attention to the quantification of manufacturing stability and manufacturing flexibility, in this paper, manufacturing qualification rate and manufacturing redundancy are used to describe manufacturing stability and manufacturing flexibility, on this basis, a unified analysis framework of manufacturing qualification rate, manufacturing flexibility and manufacturing profit of equipment manufacturing enterprises is constructed to investigate and reveal the influence of flexible manufacturing strategy on the stability of equipment manufacturing enterprises. The results show that: (1) The launching of flexible manufacturing strategy can help equipment manufacturing enterprises to improve their ability to cope with environmental changes, ensure the quality and quantity of products, and then promote the growth of manufacturing profits. (2) When the marginal cost of manufacturing is small, the level of manufacturing flexibility and the qualified rate of manufacturing show an inverted U-shaped trend; when the marginal cost of manufacturing is large, the level of manufacturing flexibility is positively correlated with the qualified rate of manufacturing. (3) The increase of quality inspection marginal cost will force equipment manufacturing enterprises to reduce the level of manufacturing flexibility, and affect the ability of enterprises to deal with manufacturing stability, and ultimately lead to the loss of manufacturing profits.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-07-25
  • 最后修改日期:2020-12-11
  • 录用日期:2020-11-05
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