引用本文:费巍,余高锋,李登峰.乡村旅游开发适宜性等级评价TOPSIS方法[J].控制与决策,2020,35(11):2619-2625
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乡村旅游开发适宜性等级评价TOPSIS方法
费巍1,余高锋2, 李登峰2
(1. 福州大学建筑学院,福州350108;2. 福州大学经济与管理学院,福州350108)
摘要:
针对乡村旅游开发适宜性等级评价问题,提出基于TOPSIS的等级评价模糊综合方法.首先,描述乡村旅游开发适宜性等级评价问题,构建乡村旅游开发适宜性评价指标体系及其等级划分标准;其次,构造基于等级划分的等级隶属函数,确定评价指标权重,进而提出计算各待开发乡村旅游地(方案)隶属于不同等级的贴近度;然后,计算其级别特征值,运用二元语义方法确定乡村旅游开发适宜性等级及其排序;最后,利用实例对文中模型与方法进行分析、说明.结果表明,所提出的等级评价TOPSIS模型与方法充分反映了等级评价概念的本质要求和特征,可有效克服常用的线性加权平均等级评价方法和最大隶属度原则的不足,不仅使得等级评定结果更加合理、可靠,而且能够区分相同等级时的差异程度,可为乡村旅游开发适宜性等级评价提供一种定量计算与定性分析相结合的新方法,创新发展多属性决策TOPSIS方法.
关键词:  乡村旅游开发  适宜性评价  综合评价  二元语义
DOI:10.13195/j.kzyjc.2018.1565
分类号:C934
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(71231003).
TOPSIS method of suitability grade assessment for rural tourism development
FEI Wei1,YU Gao-feng2,LI Deng-feng2
(1. School of Architecture,Fuzhou University,Fuzhou 350108,China;2. School of Economics and Management,Fuzhou University,Fuzhou 350108,China)
Abstract:
Aiming at the suitability grade assessment problem for rural tourism development, an assessment method based on TOPSIS is proposed. Firstly, the suitability grade assessment problem for rural tourism development is described, and the index system and grade division of rural tourism development are proposed. Then, the membership functions based on grade division are constructed and the weights of indexes are computed. Furthermore, the closeness degree of each scheme on different levels based on the TOPSIS are calculated. Computing their grade characteristic values, the suitability grades of rural tourism destinations are determined by using two-tuple semantic method. Finally, a rural tourism destination is taken as an example and the analysis results are also given. It is shown that the proposed TOPSIS model and method can sufficiency reflect the essential requirements and characteristics of the concept of grade evaluation and efficiently overcome the issues resulted from the commonly-used linear weighted average grade evaluation method and maximum membership degree principle. The proposed method not only makes the results more rational and reliable but also can distinguish the difference of the identical grades. It can provide a new method of quantitative computation and qualitative analysis for the suitability assessment of rural tourism development and generalizes the TOPSIS in multiattribue decision making.
Key words:  rural tourism development  suitability assessment  comprehensive evaluation  two-tuple semantic

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